VOTD: 90’s Le Mans cars, Hypercar track day, 720S, full wind tunnel test, swaybar tech, giant tree, The Matrix behind the scenes

Written by Frank M. Lin 4/26/2017 10:14 am @ Newport Beach – It’s been a productive day.  Got about 2 hours of sleep after watching Leon (aka The Professional here in USA).  Woke up around 6 am and noticed the awesome sunrise and took a quick snapshot on the iPhone 5S and then got the drone ready to fly.  Got another good flight.  Then I did a bit of yoga and freestyle stretching, then push up variations and mixed in with some ab workout.  I made a self commitment today of getting a 6 pack because I never had it before.  It will come with some discipline and I probably need to cut down on my sugar intake…  I definitely have a sweet tooth because if you follow my IG you will notice I’m eating candy all the times especially sour gummy candies.  LOL.  The goal is to have 6 pack by end of the year.  That still leave me more than 7 months so it should no problem.  Alrighty on to some of the videos I wanted today…


 

McLaren F1 GTR, McLaren F1 GTR LT, Ferrari F40 LM, Porsche GT1, heck even the Nascar Truck (a Toyota Tundra) sounds quite amazing…  epic sounds for sure.

HyperCar track day…  sweet.  Very nice variety.

I always find Shmee kind of annoying when he talks but then again, the production quality of his videos are excellent sometimes.  This is a good example.  Also he gets pretty freaking lucky and gets access to lot of hypercar PR events…  Anyway, I didn’t realize McLaren’s recently 720S is more revolutionary than evolutionary.  From the name I would’ve guessed it’s just another quick release and update but actually just about every aspect of the car has received significant update.  I think they should’ve gave it a better name than 720S.  Kind of a poor branding job in my opinion for such a major release.

I didn’t see this nice video about aero testing in a full fledged windtunnel until today.  Well done SpeedAcademy!!  $2000/hour for such high level windtunnel is actually super reasonable.

Been watching Engineering Explained channel for sometime.  His videos are excellent and frequently I always learn little random tidbits.  It’s pretty cool that he got a Honda S2000 few months ago so now his content is more Honda oriented.

This old tree is HUGE.  OMG WTF BBQ category for sure.  Well over 20 stories tall…  I’m thinking the energy around this tree should be pretty spectacular.  Yes, I’m a tree hugger.  🙂

The Matrix released in 1999 was a total ground breaking film.  I actually have not seen any of the behind the scene footages until today.  The set and production looks awesome.  Ever since getting into drone flying in Dec. 2016 I have thoughts about getting into editing and producing more legitimate youtube videos.  I was checking out a few editors and trying to figure out which one to learn…  and eventually someday that might lead to learning about filmmaking as I’m quite a film buff and critic.  I love good movies and I despise shitty Hollywood movies…  So maybe after I accomplish my more immediate goals I will try.  This is very low on my priority list though…

 

Posted in Automotive, BMW, Car Videos, Cool story, Bro!, Ferrari, Gym/Weight Lifting/Training Sessions, Health & Fitness, Honda & Acura, Kibram Yoga, Porsche, Relevant News, Road Racing, Autocross, Time Attack, HPDE, Technology/Modern Marvels, Toyota & Lexus, TV Shows/Movies & Youtube Video Reviews, Uncategorized/Unsorted, VOTD - Videos Of The Day | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Retrospective: Peugeot 905, 905B, 905B Evo

Written by Frank M. Lin 4/25/2017 7:42 am @ Newport Beach, California – I remember lusting after this Peugeot in the early 90’s.  It looks amazing.

800px-peugeot_905_1990_mulhouse_fra_001

I remember this initial design but a little more angular, and red body…  Or was it a street car concept?!  The memory is vague.

peugeot-905-2

The headlight shape was Peugeot’s signature design element at the time.

150 - 24 Heures du Mans 1993. Baldi/ Alliot / Jabouille. Peugeot 905. 3?me

What a beauty.

peugeot905

Distinctive side profile…  I love the rear double decker wing!!  ❤

 

Bonus video: it’s just GranTurismo 6 but still pretty awesome:

Source:

Peugeot 905

The Peugeot 905 is a Sports-prototype racing car introduced for Sportscar racing.

The car was initially unveiled in February 1990 and was developed throughout 1990 before making its race debut in the final two races of the 1990 World Sportscar Championship season (Montréal and Mexico).

The car won the 24 Hours of Le Mans endurance race in 1992 with the team of Derek Warwick, Yannick Dalmas, and Mark Blundell. This win was followed in 1993 by the team of Geoff Brabham, Christophe Bouchut, and Éric Hélary, in the 905B. In addition to that, the car won both a drivers´ and teams´ title at the World Sportscar Championship in 1992.

The Peugeot 905 participated in 17 races in its career, winning 9 of them.

History

Inception

In November 1988 Peugeot Talbot Sport, established under the control of Jean Todt at Vélizy-Villacoublay, in the suburbs of Paris,[1]announced the launch of the 905 project to compete in the 1991 championship using the new rules which the 1991 season would introduce.

Technically advanced, the 905 used a carbon fiber chassis engineered by Dassault and a light alloy SA35-A1 3499 cc naturally aspirated V10 engine that was similar to F1 engines of the time. The 905 was built at Vélizy-Villacoublay [2] and officially unveiled on the 4th of July 1990 at the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours, with Jean-Pierre Jabouille driving.

The car made its racing debut in the final few races of the 1990 FIA World Sportscar Championship with Jabouille and Keke Rosberg sharing the wheel. Although the car was slower than the contemporary Group C Sports Prototypes, it was notably quicker than the other 3.5 litre Sports-Prototypes which raced in the 1990 World Sportscar Championship season.

The 905’s V10 was slightly adjusted for Formula One rules for 1994, and was used in the unsuccessful McLaren MP4/9 Formula One car.

1991 season

The initial version of the 905 from 1991.

The 905 began its first full season in Sportscar racing by participating in the 1991 championship. Although the car was now quicker than the 1990 version, and indeed the heavily penalised Group C cars that were allowed to race, in the early part of the season the 905 suffered some performance and reliability problems but, more crucially for Peugeot, the car was a lot slower than the standard-setting Jaguar XJR-14 – a car that was able to match the lap times of most contemporary F1 cars (but not those of top cars such the Williams-Renault and McLaren-Honda cars who were at least 2 to 3 seconds faster per lap).

The car was however able to obtain a lucky win at the Suzuka Circuit. Unfortunately, at the 1991 24 Hours of Le Mans, both cars entered did not last past the four hour mark.

To counter Jaguar in the remaining races of the championship the 905 was heavily revised, primarily in aerodynamics. Carrying over only the cockpit of the previous car, the evolutionary 905B was created. With the more notable changes consisting of a two-tier rear wing and an optional full-width front wing, including a more powerful SA35-A2 engine, the 905B made its race debut at the Nürburgring round of the 1991 series. These advancements allowed the team to finish the year winning at Magny-Cours and Mexico with back-to-back 1-2 wins, thus completing the season in second place overall in the 1991 World Sportscar Championship season.

1992 season

In 1992, the 905B became one of only two factory efforts involved in the 1992 World Sportscar Championship season alongside Toyota, who were competing in their first season to the 3.5 litre regulations using the TS010. This meant that only the 1992 24 Hours of Le Mans showed a strong competition among the Group C cars. The 905B was successful, bringing 2 of the team’s 3 cars home in 1st and 3rd places.

1993 season[edit]

The 905B Evo model, with cockpit doors open.

In 1993, the World Sportscar Championship ceased to exist. However, prior to the announcement of its cancellation, Peugeot had begun development of the 905 Evolution 2 to compete in the 1993 season. This car, which was tested for a few laps in practice at the final race of the 1992 season at Magny-Cours was never finished, leaving Peugeot to concentrate solely on 1993 24 Hours of Le Mans with the Evo 1B. They were able to make a historic win by sweeping the first three positions. Following this dominance, Peugeot pulled out of sportscar racing.

Peugeot decided to switch to Formula One, using the same 3.5L V10 from the 905 that was easily adjusted to F1 regulations. In 1994, Peugeot debuted as an engine supplier with the McLaren team, and remained in F1 until the end of the 2000 season, when, after little success, they decided to concentrate on the World Rally Championship, where their factory team had had some success, winning the title on several occasions. However, Peugeot withdrew its works WRC operation at the end of the 2005 season, and returned to Le Mans for the 2007 24 Hours, with the new 908 HDi FAP prototype entry.

Specifications

Manufacturer
Peugeot
First race
1990
Category
Group C1
Engine
80° 3,499 cc (214 cu in) V10, 40 valves
Output
650 PS (478 kW; 641 hp) @ 12,500 rpm (905B produced approximately 715 hp (533 kW; 725 PS))
Chassis
Carbon fiber Monocoque
Length
4.80 metres (189.0 in)
Width
1.96 metres (77.2 in)
Height
1.04 metres (40.9 in)
Weight
780 kg (1,720 lb)
Tires
Michelin 32x63x17 & 34x70x18

Le Mans results

1991
#5 BaldiAlliotJabouilleDid Not Finish (Engine) (Baldi didn’t drive)
#6 DalmasRosbergRaphanelDid Not Finish (Transmission)
1992
#1 DalmasWarwickBlundell1st (352 laps – 4787.2 km at an average speed of 199.34 km/h)
#2 BaldiAlliotJabouille3rd
#31 FertéVan de PoeleWendlingerDid Not Finish (Engine)
1993
#3 BouchutHélaryBrabham1st (375 laps – 5,100 km at an average speed of 213.358 km/h)
#1 DalmasBoutsenFabi2nd
#2 BaldiAlliotJabouille3rd

Other results

Suzuka 1991 
BaldiAlliot1st
Magny Cours 1991 
RosbergDalmas1st
BaldiAlliot2nd
Mexico 1991 
RosbergDalmas1st’
BaldiAlliot2nd
Silverstone 1992 
WarwickDalmas1st
Donington 1992 
BaldiAlliot1st
WarwickDalmas2nd
Suzuka 1992 
WarwickDalmas1st
Magny Cours 1992 
BaldiAlliot1st
BouchutHélary2nd

References

Posted in Automotive, Car Videos, Retrospective, Road Racing, Autocross, Time Attack, HPDE, Technology/Modern Marvels, VOTD - Videos Of The Day | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

VOTD: DJI Ronin 2, model engine kits, Mandela effect, racecar aerodynamics, boxing rhythm…

Written by Frank M. Lin 4/24/2017 12:12 pm @ Newport Beach, California – Man DJI is doing nice work. Nice inspiring little mini film (to promote their latest product). Maybe someday I will step up the film ladder too.  I love me good films and I’m a bit of movie critic myself… maybe when I’m a lot older. Lots of to do list to cross off first before I head that way. LOL. I love life. DJI is smoking and dominating the drone market. It’s super impressive how far they have come in 10 years. I haven’t updated nor sent out a resume in over 10 years and I actually got off my butt and applied for an opening at DJI few weeks ago. That’s how much i like them.  Never heard back though, oh well. LOL. I’m still a big fan of them.


 

An inspiring short film.  I like it.

Technical information about the DJI Ronin 2.

These model engine kits are pretty cool.

Mandela effect is something I find extremely interesting.  I’ve been following it for probably close to a year now.  Some people are saying it has to do with CERN’s LHC project…  and now there are new youtube videos about it.  Check it out…  it’s pretty far out but not out of the realm of possibility.  We live in interesting times.  On a similar far out note, I’ve read the argument that we might be living in a huge computer simulation.  The more I read and study the more I feel that’s also a possibility.  I have formulated theories of my own to support the argument.  I will write about them in the future…

Nice informative video about racecar aerodynamics!

Good boxing technique analysis that applies to MMA as well.  Timing and rhythm.

Posted in Automotive, Car Videos, Conspiracy Theories/Underground Societies/Twilight Zone, Consumer Drones, Cool story, Bro!, OMG WTF BBQ crazy stuff O_O, Politics/Societies/World stuff, Relevant News, Road Racing, Autocross, Time Attack, HPDE, Technology/Modern Marvels, The Truth, The Realist, VOTD - Videos Of The Day | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

repost: Humans are far scarier than ghosts 跟鬼比起來,人可怕多了!天生陰陽眼、宮廟從業10年,她道出台灣最醜惡一面

Written by Frank M. Lin 4/21/2017 9:51 am @ Newport Beach, California – This is the story of a Taiwan medium…  She was borned with the gift to see and communicate with ghosts and has had the ability ever since she can remember.  She serves at the temple in Taiwan communicating with the dead for people who needs such help.  Unfortunately majority of the time all that the living people care about is money and nothing else.  People fight over for inheritance all the times in Taiwan.  They rarely acknowledge the actual wishes of the dead.  Now days this medium is no longer in the ghost consulting field she is doing something she loves – being an umpire for baseball.


 

Source: http://www.storm.mg/lifestyle/254306

跟鬼比起來,人可怕多了!天生陰陽眼、宮廟從業10年,她道出台灣最醜惡一面

2017年04月21日 19:03 風傳媒

《通靈少女》原型人物索菲亞,談她看見的無形世界...(圖為郭書瑤劇照/公視提供)

《通靈少女》原型人物索菲亞,談她看見的無形世界…(圖為郭書瑤劇照/公視提供)

看到傳說中能溝通陰陽兩界的「仙姑」盤腿坐在你面前、大喝兩瓶義美烏龍綠、聊到激動處還會翻白眼,是什麼感覺?《靈界的譯者》一書作者索非亞,就是這樣一位大剌剌到任誰都會喜歡的大女孩。

出書上節目、還成了公視爆紅戲劇《通靈少女》的原型,擁有政大碩士學歷的索非亞,似乎沒有為了這些成就感到半點自滿;對她來說一切名與利都是身外之物,她想做的,只是說出自己的人生,渴望誰能理解她「看見」的那片世界。

從有記憶以來,看見鬼魂,對索非亞來說就如呼吸喝水般自然。她從15歲開始服務於宮廟、26歲退出,大家都說她「帶天命」,天生擁有異能的人就必須救濟眾生,只是看著別人自由自在談戀愛玩耍、她卻時常被call回宮廟救人,心裡難免有絲遺憾,而在擔任仙姑的日子裡,小小年紀的她也看遍了人性。

(圖/取自劉柏君臉書)
目前索非亞已脫離靈媒工作,往她最愛的棒球裁判發展(圖/取自劉柏君臉書)

比起亡者遺願,喪家更在意遺產怎麼分、私房錢藏哪

台灣人怕鬼,連親人都怕,嘴巴上說要孝順、珍惜親人,送葬回家時卻不能走跟去程時同一條路,怕鬼魂「跟回家」。過世的外婆和表哥回家、索非亞和他們打招呼時,大人們的反應是驚嚇與責罵,知道外婆會陪索非亞上下學以後,父親更是緊張地護在她身邊,生怕女兒被外婆「怎樣」。

索非亞始終不懂為何台灣人這麼怕鬼,對她來說,鬼魂就只是看得見的「好兄弟」,會陪她聊天,看到陌生人(其實是出嫁的姐姐)住進她房間,鬼還會有義氣地把姐姐趕出去,死後也最牽掛被留下的親人。跟鬼比起來,人真的可怕多了。

「你有被鬼害過嗎?」索非亞問,我回答「從來沒有」,於是索非亞又問:「你有被人害過嗎?」我反射性地回答:「很多、超多的啊!」

是啊,人害人的情況,比鬼害人還要常見多了,就連仙姑也深受其害。

「你在宮廟,就是會遇到各種很噁心的事情。」索非亞最常碰到的,或許就是金錢問題。許多喪家會請她通靈、和亡者溝通,如果能替亡者實現遺願當然是很好,偏偏許多家屬比較關心如何辦喪禮才能讓後代興旺、老爸還有錢藏在哪,滿腦子錢錢錢,那些人將金錢擺在親情前面的嘴臉,讓索非亞相當不恥。

索非亞曾經替過世的老先生亡魂轉述,他只擔心留下的小女兒、希望能照顧她上大學,怎曉得家屬聽完當場抓狂痛罵「神棍,妳亂講,我們只有兩個兒子!」事後她才知道,原來那個「小女兒」是小三生的,當時他們正在爭遺產。

她也曾替病危者擔任遺囑見證人,怎曉得之後家屬翻臉,寄存證信函說要告她。「你神經病啊,叫你姐變成鬼來抓你喔!真是的,遺囑裡面沒有一塊錢是我的啊,沒有啊,我幹嘛那個(偽造文書)!」說到這段,索非亞還是很氣。

(圖/John Y. Can@flickr)
比起鬼魂來說,人的貪欲更可怕(圖/John Y. Can@flickr)

燒金焚香、中元普渡只會寵壞鬼,請勿隨意餵食野生動物

除非人主動對鬼有所貪求、希望鬼幫忙做些什麼,多數情況下鬼魂不會主動害人,只是他們可能需要一些東西,例如香灰(金紙、線香)或找人幫忙抄經做功德,對此索非亞強調,鬼有自己的修行必須做,不要慣壞鬼。

例如台灣人喜歡在農曆七月普渡,索非亞家也不例外,但她跟媽媽說,「平常的鬼沒有比農曆七月少啊,大家還不是都晃來晃去?」根本沒必要因為是鬼月就對鬼特別好、特別請吃好料,如果拜得太豐盛,鬼甚至還可能賴著不走。

「今年開始不拜,有事叫他們找你喔!」雖然媽媽撂下這一句,索非亞家到現在也平安無事。

曾有不少鬼魂找上索非亞,要她幫忙抄經焚香,她只是回:「自己的功課不會自己寫喔!不然你幫我寫功課,我幫你抄心經,你覺得怎樣?做鬼還要人家幫你,丟臉!」被這樣教訓,鬼也只能悻悻然地離去。

這種和鬼溝通的方式,聽起來很不可思議,但或許就是因為她不貪不求,才有辦法得到對方尊重。「鬼也是需要教育的,不要寵壞他們!」她說,如果人心總是浮躁而功利,鬼的世界也會變得很不穩定、想和人索討很多東西;人和鬼的世界是連動的,唯有好好過日子,別妄想利用鬼來發財,才不會自找麻煩。

或許就像壽山的彌猴吧,人和猴子本應相安無事,卻因為有人隨意餵食,猴子便養成跟人討食物的習慣、還會攻擊不給食物的遊客——我提出這比喻以後,索非亞直呼對對對,明明是人類自己寵壞猴子的,居然還怪猴子打人,就跟責怪鬼魂害人、怕鬼一樣。

在索非亞看來,所謂孤魂野鬼就只是流浪狗、野生動物,只要人類不要隨意拍打餵食,鬼就不會害人。鬼魂有鬼魂自己的功課要做,人也有;人不必怕鬼,但也不該和鬼要求改運發財,那等於叫鬼幫忙寫功課,勢必要付出代價。

(圖/公視提供)
郭書瑤在《通靈少女》的表現,幾乎跟索非亞如出一輒,非常自然率性(圖/公視提供)

到底可怕的是鬼,還是人心裡的恐懼?

天生能看見鬼魂,對索非亞來說是不幸,但也有不少幸運。每天與無形世界的住民為伍,她發現有很多人類糾結的道德、束縛,在鬼的世界一點也不重要,只剩下最真實的情感與相互扶持。

例如《通靈少女》第一集的女同志角色,索非亞也遇過很多。索非亞原本很反對同性戀,但她曾遇過一位過世的女同志,伴侶遠比家人還愛她,亡者也希望留一點錢給伴侶,兩人真心為對方著想的愛情,感動了索非亞。

只是當索非亞表達這些訊息時,家屬只說不認識她、外人沒法律權力。「不要臉的傢伙,妳姐姐生病時都是她照顧的耶!」她看見女同志伴侶的互相扶持,家屬卻只看到錢、只想著爭財產,這真讓她氣壞了。

「我可以深刻地感受到,他們是相愛的,那個愛是真的,人家真心相愛你卻一直干涉人家,人跟鬼結婚都不管了,跟人結婚你管屁啊!」和同志亡魂的溝通,意外破除她的刻板印象,或許和鬼魂相處久了,心胸也會變得寬闊。

「人很奇怪,面對越陌生的東西,總是要先找好害怕的理由,到底可怕的是鬼,還是人心裡的恐懼呢?如果我們能多一點勇氣,願意接納跟自己不同的事物,可能這個世界會更美一點。」——出自《通靈少女》第三集。

或許很多人會質疑鬼魂到底存不存在、索非亞是否該去看精神科,只是就索非亞的分享,她心中的無形世界是真誠而寬闊的,摒棄一切功利與貪慾、留下最真實的情感,即便不信鬼神,也會被她看見的那個世界深深感動。

索非亞提醒,其實所有神明都只是鬼魂,差別只在能力高低,千萬別以為掛個媽祖神像就會得到保祐,若是持有者作姦犯科,那也只會招來等級和他差不多的鬼魂。比起求神拜佛,做個正直的人、誠心待人重要多了。

「簡單講,就是『做個好人』。」這是索非亞38年來最深刻的人生體悟。

做個好人,這4個字真是說多難有多難、說簡單其實也很簡單,一名看遍生死的陰陽眼異能者道出這4個字,還真是份量十足。.

更多索非亞的人生故事,請參考三采文化《靈界的譯者:從學生靈媒到棒球女主審的通靈之路》

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《通靈少女》於4月2日(日)起,每週日晚間9點於公視播出。
若錯過節目播出時間,可於公視+7(連結)觀看網路重播。更多資訊詳見公視粉絲團

訪談逐字稿整理/王彤方
責任編輯/謝孟穎

Posted in Body/Mind/Spirit Connections, Chinese, Chinese stories/history, Cool story, Bro!, East/West/translations, 高價值優秀文章, Good Guys List - my heros & inspirations, Health & Fitness, Life/Musings, OMG WTF BBQ crazy stuff O_O, Politics/Societies/World stuff, PSA - public service announcements, Pure Love, Relevant News, Religion, Repost, Taiwan aka Formosa, The dumb/retarded aspects of Taiwan, The good bits of Taiwan, The Truth, The Realist, Uncategorized/Unsorted, Women/Girl Power, 佛教 Buddhism | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

repost: Hospice Care 原來「臨終」是這樣子的…,明白以後就別再帶給親人痛苦了!

Written by Frank M. Lin 4/20/2017 7:41 am @ Newport Beach, California – My dearest mom passed away in my arms at a hospital 3 years ago at 4/10/2014 in Taipei, Taiwan.  She asked not to get resuscitated and we respected her decision despite the fact that my brother and sister were flying from USA to Taiwan to see her.  The only reason she passed away was the evil ass oral chemotherapy drug she took about 3 days prior on Monday 4/7/2014.  She had a weak moment and believe it would help her.  For many years I totally predicted the outcome of her western treatment.  Not 1 bit was a surprise to me.  Due to her battle with lung cancer I had read up on the subject extensively.  Easily over 100 books.  I feel like I have a very good understanding of it now.  I wish I knew all this when she was first diagnosed many years ago.  I would have been able to ease her mind a lot better knowing what I know now.  I think of her frequently and miss her dearly.  I know she is with me spiritually but just not physically…


 

原來「臨終」是這樣子的…,明白以後就別再帶給親人痛苦了!

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由於人們對於「臨終」的認識普遍上來說還有很多的誤解,大家都應該好好了解,千萬不要給親人帶來不必要的痛苦!而這篇文 章將從醫學的角度告訴大家「臨終」的過程,希望大家能有所了解,幫助家人和自己一起坦然面對…

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2/10 一個車禍的22歲男性被送進了加護病房,此時的他生命垂危,幾乎不能說話。接著,在長達3個小時的時間裡,醫院不允許家人 進入病房看望這個隨時會離開的親人,在之後的時間裡,也只允許一個親人每隔2 小時進去看望5分鐘。 在漫長的等待中,沮喪的女友只好回家了,父母也撐不住身心的疲憊所以睡著了,一直等到護士通知他們病人已過世時才驚醒過 來。因為沒能和親人見上最後一面、說些告別的話,家屬的悲痛驟然升溫…但其實這還算不殘忍。

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在最後的日子裡,病人常常要被動的接受這樣的「待遇」:一是『過度治療』。有些病人甚至直到生命的最後一刻仍在接受創傷 性的治療。另一個極端則是『治療不足』,也就是說,病人受到的痛苦和不適一直到了死亡也沒有得到充分的解脫。 那麼,生命在最後的幾週、幾天、幾小時裡到底是處於什麼樣的狀態呢?一個人在臨近死亡時,體內又會出現什麼變化?在想什 麼?需要什麼?我們該做什麼,不該做什麼?怎樣做才能讓生命能以舒適、寧靜甚至有個美麗的終結? 臨終期一般為10 到 14 天(有時候可以縮短到24小時)在這一階段,醫生的工作應該從「幫助病人恢復健康」轉向「減輕痛苦」。 臨終的病人常處於脫水狀態,吞嚥出現困難,周圍循環的血液量銳減,所以病人的皮膚摸起來涼涼的…你不要以為病人會冷,需 要加蓋被子來保溫。相反,即使只是在他們的手腳加上一點點重量的被子,絕大多數臨終病人都會覺得太重、無法忍受。 呼吸衰竭,會使得臨終病人呼吸困難,給予氧氣似乎是順理成章的事。但他們已失去了利用氧氣的能力,此時給他們供氧是無法 減輕這種「呼吸飢餓」的。正確的做法是:打開窗戶和電風扇,在病床周圍留出足夠的空間。另外,使用嗎啡或其他有類似的合 成麻醉劑來減輕病人呼吸困難和焦慮的最好辦法。

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當吞嚥困難使病人無法進食和喝水時,有些家屬會想到用胃管餵食物和水,但瀕死的人常常不會感到飢餓。相反,脫水的缺乏營 養的狀態會造成血液內的酮體累積,進而產生一種止痛藥的效果,使病人有一種異常愉快感。這時即使給病人灌輸一點點葡萄 糖,都會「抵消」這種異常的愉快感。 而且,此時給病人餵食還會造成嘔吐、食物進入氣管容易造成窒息、病人不配合而痛苦掙紮等後果,使病人無法安靜的走向死 亡。靜脈輸液雖然能解決陷入急性意識模糊狀態病人的脫水問題,但同時帶給病人的是水腫、噁心和疼痛。

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在生命的最後階段,甚至在死前三個月之久,不少病人和別人的交流減少了,心靈深處的活動增多了。不要以為這是拒絕親人的 關愛,這是瀕死的人的一種需要:「離開外在世界,與心靈對話」。 一項對100個晚期癌症病人的調查顯示:死前一個星期,有 56% 的病人是清醒的,44%嗜睡,但沒有一個處於無法交流的昏迷 狀態。但當進入死前最後6 小時,清醒者僅佔8%,42%處於嗜睡狀態,一般人昏迷。所以,家屬應抓緊與病人交流的合適時 間,不要等到最後而措手不及。 隨著死亡的臨近,病人的口腔肌肉變得鬆弛,呼吸時,積聚在喉部或肺部的分泌物會發出咯咯的聲音,醫學上稱為「死亡咆 哮」,這會讓人聽了很不舒服。但此時如果用吸引器吸痰的話常常會失敗,並給病人帶來更大的痛苦。應將病人的身體翻向一 側,頭枕的高一點,或用藥物減少呼吸道分泌。 瀕死的人在呼吸時還常常發出嗚咽聲或喉鳴聲,不過病人並不一定有痛苦,此時可用一些止痛劑,使他能繼續與家屬交談或安靜 的走向死亡。記住,沒有證據表明緩解疼痛的藥物會促使死亡。聽覺是最後消失的感覺,所以,不想讓病人聽到的話即使在最後 也不該隨便說出口。 ­

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這幾天,我一再的說,我一再的想:為什麼,為什麼直到現在,我才讀到了這篇文章。現在是什麼意思?現在是,我的父母已經 先後去世,而一直到他們生命的最後時光,我都沒有和這篇文章相遇,所以在無知中鑄成大錯… 所有的誤解都基於一個前提,我們和臨終者已經無法溝通,我們最愛的親人已經無法講出他們的心願和需求,我們只好一意孤 行。而本來只需要一點點基本的醫學常識,事情並不複雜。 我想起我抓著父親的手,他像水一樣涼。我命令弟弟說:「爸爸冷,快拿毯子!」現在才知道,他其實並不冷,只是因為循環的 血液量銳減,皮膚才變得又濕又冷。而此時在他的感覺中,他的身體正在變輕,漸漸的漂浮、飛升…這時候哪怕是一條絲巾,都 會讓他感覺到無法忍受的重量,更何況是一條毯子!?

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我想起直到父親嚥下最後一口氣,醫生才拔下了接在他身體上的所有的管子,同時因為我們覺得他幾天幾夜沒喝水、進食,所已 總是試著做一些哪怕是徒勞無功的嘗試。母親早上送來現榨的西瓜汁,裝在有刻度的嬰兒奶瓶裡;我們姐弟每天都在討論著爸爸 今天到底喝了多少水。現在才知道,他其實並不餓。 那時候,他已從病痛中解脫出來,天很藍、風很輕、樹很綠、花很鮮豔、水在流,就像藝術、宗教中描述的那樣……這時候,哪 怕是幫病人注射一點點的葡萄糖,都會抵消那種異常的愉快感,都會破壞他美麗的歸途。父親是個沉默寡言的人,在最後急性意 識模糊的狀態中,卻突然變得喋喋不休,而且是滿口的台語。我擔心他離我而去,我想喊住他,他卻絲毫不理會… 現在才知道,那個時刻,他與外界的交流少了,心靈深處的活動卻異常活躍,也許青春,也許童趣,好戲正在一幕幕的上演。我 怎麼可以無端打斷他,將他拖回這個慘痛的現實中呢?我應該做的,只是靜靜的守著他,千萬千萬不要走開。臨終者昏迷再深, 也會有片刻的清醒,這大概就是傳說的迴光返照吧,這時候,他必定想找他最牽腸掛肚的人,不能讓他失望的離開。

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我還記得父親此生表達的最後願望,是要拔去他鼻子上的氧氣管。可是我們兩個不孝子女是怎樣的違拗了他的意願啊,我和弟弟 一人一邊強按住他的手,直到他的手徹底綿軟。現在才知道,對於臨終者,最大的仁慈和人道是避免不適當的、創傷性的治療。 不分青紅皂白地「不惜一切代價」搶救,是多麼的愚蠢和殘忍! 父親走了…醫生下了定論,護士過來作了最後的處理。一旁看熱鬧的病人和家屬說:「兒子、女兒都在,快哭,快喊幾聲嘛」。 可不知為什麼,我竟然一點也哭喊不出來,弟弟也執拗的沉默著。現在才知道,聽覺是人最後消失的感覺,爸爸沒有聽到我們的 哭泣,不知道他是高興還是難過? 生和死都是自然現象,這我明白。只是現在才知道,自然竟然把生命的最後時光安排得這樣有人情味,這樣合理,這樣好,這樣 的…自然而然,是人自作聰明的橫加幹涉,死亡的過程才變得痛苦而又漫長。

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某一天上午,我突然發現我對面的同事淚流滿面,一個50多歲的男人的失態讓我詫異。問他怎麼了,他告訴我看了上面的文章想 起了他母親臨終前的情形。他說就像上文描述的那樣,覺得母親冷了給她穿保暖的衣服,蓋厚厚的被子,覺得母親幾天沒有進 食,不停給她輸液,他母親想回家,可他堅持讓她住在醫院。他自認為盡了孝心,可是沒想到給她帶來莫大的痛苦。 人總是要死的,帶著輕鬆、美麗踏進另一個世界,一定會走得更好。現在,我讀到了這篇文章。我要保留著它直到最後的時光, 如果有可能,我要求我的孩子照此辦理,讓我的靈魂在最後能快樂的飛翔。 如果你也不想後悔,請分享這篇文章給你的親友以及你深愛的人吧! 告訴他們原來這才是臨終時真正的感受!

Posted in Chinese, 高價值優秀文章, Health & Fitness, Human Rights, Life/Musings, Politics/Societies/World stuff, PSA - public service announcements, Pure Love, Relevant News, Religion, Repost, The dumb/retarded aspects of Taiwan, The Truth, The Realist | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

VOTD: Yaris WRC Rd. 4, Super GT Rd. 1, WEC 6 hour @ Silverstone, Silverstone mistakes, Yuri Bezmenov

Written by Frank M. Lin 4/17/2017 7:02 am @ Arcadia, California – Last week I stayed with my friend JJ at his dope bachelor’s pad in Newport Beach.  Over the weekend I miss my cousin’s kids too much already so I decided to come back to Arcadia to play with them.  They are aged 12, 8, 6, 4 and and boy it’s crazy house at times.  They are great kids but always competitive and they fight over the silliest things.  The loudness and decibels and high pitch voice is too much to bear sometimes.  Luckily I’m the middle age uncle with infinite patience who is a kid a heart but also extremely smart and wise (if I may say so myself lol) I have no problem dealing with them.  I see right through them these silly rugrats are no match for me.  I’m just having great times with them.  They are all so adorable and cute in their own ways…  On to today’s VOTD.


 

Let us starts with a lovely video from Toyota Gazoo Racing.  Excellent video quality with good background music.  Good technical information about how and what the team is doing…  just overall all A+++ video.  Enjoy.  Gotta love how the Toyota CEO is out there to support the team!!

Next let’s check out Super GT in Japan it is Round 1 at Okayama International Circuit.  OMG WTF BBQ they already have LC500 Super GT race car!!!  It looks bad ass.  Me mucho like it.  I gotta say Toyota is VERY serious about their racing in 2017.  Between the WEC, Super GT, WRC, and their GT3 program that is a LOT going on.  Sure would be nice to get in and be part of their program (moi day dreaming, I can dream can’t I?)…

By comparison to the above two videos the WEC video is not as well done in my opinion.  I don’t like the music much, and the video is not super informative…

Nice compilation of driver errors and crashes…

Lastly we get a little serious and learns from Yuri Bezmenov.  He is a famous Russian defector and a anti-communist.  I learn of him earlier today when I was requested to answer a question about him and Taiwan in quora…  interesting guy.

Bonus video:

I have only just realize modern day F1’s braking performance is now up to amazing 6G of deacceleration!!  That boggles my mind a bit as my mind was still thinking braking performance was around 4G I guess that was about 15-20 years ago.  LOL.

Posted in Automotive, Car Videos, Conspiracy Theories/Underground Societies/Twilight Zone, Cool story, Bro!, Japan, JDM cars and culture, Politics/Societies/World stuff, Relevant News, Road Racing, Autocross, Time Attack, HPDE, Technology/Modern Marvels, Toyota & Lexus, TV Shows/Movies & Youtube Video Reviews, VOTD - Videos Of The Day | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

repost: 如何輕易地拆穿一個謊言 The best (and worst) ways to spot a liar

Written by Frank M. Lin 4/16/2017 6:06 am @ Arcadia, California – Chilling in Arcadia this weekend to play with my cousin’s kids again.  They are too much fun.  English version of this article is below the Chinese version just scroll down.


 

Source: http://www.bbc.com/ukchina/trad/vert_fut/2015/09/150914_vert_fut_best-and-worst-ways-to-spot-a-liar.shtml?ocid=socialflow_facebook

如何輕易地拆穿一個謊言 The best (and worst) ways to spot a liar

By 大衛·羅伯森(David Robson)

2015年9月14日

Image copyrightTHINKSTOCK
Image caption眼神並不一定能識別騙子。

托馬斯·奧默羅德(Thomas Ormerod)的保安團隊面對的是一個看起來似乎不可能完成的任務。在歐洲各地機場,他們要詢問旅客的乘機歷史和旅行計劃。奧默羅德在普通旅客中安插了一些人,他們會對保安說謊,編造自己的過去和未來——而他的保安團隊則要識別出哪些人在說謊。而實際上,他們採訪的人當中只有千分之一人撒了謊。辨別他們的難度猶如海底撈針。

那麼,他們該怎麼辦?一種方法是關注肢體語言或眼球的運動,對吧?但這可能是個餿主意。不斷有研究發現,即使是訓練有素的警察,想從肢體語言和麵部表情來判斷一個人有沒有撒謊,通常不會比碰運氣更加凖確。有一項研究表明,20000人中只有50人的正確判斷率高於80%。大多數人的判斷結果和瞎猜無異。

奧默羅德的團隊嘗試了其他的方法——並在絕大多數情況下成功鎖定了撒謊的乘客。他們的秘訣是什麼呢?團隊拋棄了人們常用的騙術識別技巧,而採用了全新的更直接的技巧。

在過去的幾年,謊言識別研究一直未取得很大的成果。之前的大多數研究都集中在通過騙子的肢體語言或面部表情,比如臉頰發紅,不安的笑,遊離的眼神等等來判斷其動機。最有名的例子是比爾·克林頓在否認他與莫妮卡·萊溫斯基的緋聞時摸了鼻子——這個動作在當時被認為是他撒謊的明顯標誌。伯明翰阿拉巴馬大學(University of Alabama in Birmingham)的提姆西·列文(Timothy Levine)說,這背後的理論是人撒謊時會激發強烈的情緒,比如緊張、內疚、甚至因說謊而產生的興奮感,這類情緒往往難以抑制。即便我們天生一副撲克臉,我們臉部的細微動作,即所謂的「微表情」,還是會出賣我們。

Image copyrightGETTY
Image caption要是肢體語言能夠拆穿謊言就好了。

然而,心理學家的研究越是深入,他們就發現曾經認為可靠的線索變的越來越難以捕捉。問題出在人類行為存在巨大的多樣性。如果你夠熟悉一個人,那麼你就有可能發現他們說真話時的特點,但其他人的行為動作可能大相徑庭;並沒有一種通用的肢體語言。「人們撒謊時的行為並不一致,」薩塞克斯大學(University of Sussex)的奧默羅德說,「我說謊時會緊張地咯咯笑,而有的人會變得比平時嚴肅,有的人會進行眼神交流,而有的人則避免眼神交流。」列文也持相同看法:「證據非常清楚,我們沒有任何可以區分真話和謊話的可靠標誌。」他說。

顯然,我們需要一種新的方法。但是,既然實驗室中的研究沒有進展,還能有什麼方法呢?奧默羅德的答案驚人地簡單:不再關注微表情,而是注意說話者的措辭,悄悄地摸索正確的施壓點,然後讓撒謊者無地自容。

奧默羅德和他在伍爾弗漢普頓大學(University of Wolverhampton)的同行科拉·丹多(Coral Dando)發現了一些有助於提高拆穿謊言概率的對話原則:

開放式提問。這會逼迫撒謊者詳細講述自己的故事,直到掉進他們自己營造的謊言迷宮裏。

問一些猝不及防的問題。調查者應試圖增加說謊者的「認知負擔」——比如問一些他們想不到的、又有些難懂的問題,或者讓他們倒敘一件事——這些問題將加大說謊者自圓其說的難度。

注意細小的、可驗證的細節。如果有乘客自稱在牛津大學工作,讓他們敘述一下上班的路線。如果你在他的話裏發現前後矛盾的地方,先不要點破——最好是讓撒謊者建立起自信,在敘述中留下更多的漏洞,而不要急於糾正他們。

觀察信心的變化。仔細觀察說謊者在遇到質疑時說話風格會作出怎樣的改變:如果撒謊者感到自己仍然掌控著對話主動權,他們會滔滔不絕,但是人的心理舒適區是有限的,一旦他們覺得自己要失去對局面的控制時,他們就會沉默不語。

此舉的目的不是進行一場緊張的盤問,而是一場輕鬆的對話。不過,稍微施加壓力後,撒謊者就會自相矛盾,或者閃爍其詞反覆無常。「重要的一點是沒有神奇的辨別謊言的方法;我們只是博採眾長,將其發展成一種認知方法。」 奧默羅德說。

奧默羅德坦言,他的策略聽起來像是常識。但是,事實勝於雄辯。該團隊為假乘客編造了逼真的機票和旅行相關文件。他們有一周時間來凖備自己的故事,然後去歐洲各地機場混在普通乘客中間排隊。接受過奧默羅德和丹多盤問技巧培訓的安保人員揪出騙子乘客的概率比觀察可疑跡象的人高20倍,他們的識別率高達70%。

「實驗結果讓人驚嘆,」沒有參加這項研究的列文說。他認為尤其重要的一點是這項實驗是在真實的機場裏進行的。「這是目前最真實的研究。」

Image copyrightTHINKSTOCK
Image caption在機場進行的一場心理學實驗發現了拆穿謊言的新方法。

勸說術

列文自己的實驗也被證明具有類似效果。和奧默羅德一樣,他認為通過設計聰明的對話來找出撒謊者編的故事中的漏洞要比通過肢體語言的破綻來拆穿謊言更有效。最近,他設計了一個小遊戲,本科生兩兩一組,答對一題得5美元。這些學生所不知道的是,他們的搭檔都是演員。當遊戲的主人離開房間時,演員會建議作弊,快速地偷看答案。一些學生接受了這個建議。

然後,由真正的聯邦探員來詢問這些學生他們是否作弊了。他們通過各種提問技巧來測試學生的說法,而不是關注肢體語言或其他說謊標誌。最後,他們找到了超過90%的作弊學生;其中一位專家甚至在33次盤問中取得了100%的正確率,該結果遠高於肢體語言分析的凖確率。重要的是,隨後的一項研究請新手來做測試,也達到了近80%的凖確率,他們只是用了開放式問題,比如問他們的搭檔會怎樣敘述這件事。

Image copyrightTHINKSTOCK
Image caption警察是否就比普通人更加擅長識別嫌疑犯的謊言?

的確,撒謊者常常會公開承認他們撒了謊。「專家很善於做這事,」列文說。他們的秘訣是所有勸說術大師都知道的簡單方法:對話開始就開門見山的直接問學生有多誠實。只要讓他們說他們說的是真話,就會讓他們不自覺地變得更加誠實。「人總是希望他人認為自己是誠實的,這就讓他們變得願意配合談話,」列文說,「甚至原本不誠實的人,在說了這句話以後,也感到很難假裝配合,所以大多數情況下,我們都能找出撒謊者。」

顯然,這些技巧可能早已為一些專家型偵探所知,但是鑒於肢體語言的神話,與這種可疑的科學相比,勸說術的力量值得我們的重視。儘管奧默羅德和列文已經獲得成功,他們仍期待其他人嘗試重覆、擴展實驗,確保他們的結論在不同的情況下都能站得住腳。「我們應該關注全面的結論。」列文說。

雖然這些技巧主要幫助執法部門,但是它也有助於你識別你生活圈子裏的說謊者。「我總是用它來對付小孩,」 奧默羅德說。請記住重點在於保持開放的思維,不要過早下結論:不要僅僅因為那個人看起來有點緊張,或努力回憶某個關鍵細節,就認定他撒了謊。相反,你應該尋找的是更多的相互矛盾之處。

沒有一種方法能百分百識破謊言,但是只要用一點小技巧,開動腦筋,學會勸說,你就有希望讓真相水落石出。

請訪問 BBC Future閱讀 英文原文

(責編:路西)


 

Source: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20150906-the-best-and-worst-ways-to-spot-a-liar

The best (and worst) ways to spot a liar

Forget body language or eye movements. There are much better ways to identify the deceitful.

This story is part of BBC Future’s “Best of 2015” list, our greatest hits of the year. Browse the full list.

Thomas Ormerod’s team of security officers faced a seemingly impossible task. At airports across Europe, they were asked to interview passengers on their history and travel plans. Ormerod had planted a handful of people arriving at security with a false history, and a made-up future – and his team had to guess who they were. In fact, just one in 1000 of the people they interviewed would be deceiving them. Identifying the liar should have been about as easy as finding a needle in a haystack.

Using previous methods of lie detection, you might as well just flip a coin

So, what did they do? One option would be to focus on body language or eye movements, right? It would have been a bad idea. Study after study has found that attempts – even by trained police officers – to read lies from body language and facial expressions are more often little better than chance. According to one study, just 50 out of 20,000 people managed to make a correct judgement with more than 80% accuracy. Most people might as well just flip a coin.

Ormerod’s team tried something different – and managed to identify the fake passengers in the vast majority of cases. Their secret? To throw away many of the accepted cues to deception and start anew with some startlingly straightforward techniques.

When it comes to spotting liars, the eyes don't have it (Credit: Thinkstock)

When it comes to spotting liars, the eyes don’t have it (Credit: Thinkstock)

Over the last few years, deception research has been plagued by disappointing results. Most previous work had focused on reading a liar’s intentions via their body language or from their face – blushing cheeks, a nervous laugh, darting eyes. The most famous example is Bill Clinton touching his nose when he denied his affair with Monica Lewinsky – taken at the time to be a sure sign he was lying. The idea, says Timothy Levine at the University of Alabama in Birmingham, was that the act of lying provokes some strong emotions – nerves, guilt, perhaps even exhilaration at the challenge – that are difficult to contain. Even if we think we have a poker face, we might still give away tiny flickers of movement known as “micro-expressions” that might give the game away, they claimed.

The problem is the huge variety of human behaviour – there is no universal dictionary of body language

Yet the more psychologists looked, the more elusive any reliable cues appeared to be. The problem is the huge variety of human behaviour. With familiarity, you might be able to spot someone’s tics whenever they are telling the truth, but others will probably act very differently; there is no universal dictionary of body language. “There are no consistent signs that always arise alongside deception,” says Ormerod, who is based at the University of Sussex. “I giggle nervously, others become more serious, some make eye contact, some avoid it.” Levine agrees: “The evidence is pretty clear that there aren’t any reliable cues that distinguish truth and lies,” he says. And although you may hear that our subconscious can spot these signs even if they seem to escape our awareness, this too seems to have been disproved.

Despite these damning results, our safety often still hinges on the existence of these mythical cues. Consider the screening some passengers might face before a long-haul flight – a process Ormerod was asked to investigate in the run up to the 2012 Olympics. Typically, he says, officers will use a “yes/no” questionnaire about the flyer’s intentions, and they are trained to observe “suspicious signs” (such as nervous body language) that might betray deception. “It doesn’t give a chance to listen to what they say, and think about credibility, observe behaviour change – they are the critical aspects of deception detection,” he says. The existing protocols are also prone to bias, he says – officers were more likely to find suspicious signs in certain ethnic groups, for instance. “The current method actually prevents deception detection,” he says.

If only body language revealed deception (Credit: Getty Images)

If only body language revealed deception (Credit: Getty Images)

Clearly, a new method is needed. But given some of the dismal results from the lab, what should it be? Ormerod’s answer was disarmingly simple: shift the focus away from the subtle mannerisms to the words people are actually saying, gently probing the right pressure points to make the liar’s front crumble.

Ormerod and his colleague Coral Dando at the University of Wolverhampton identified a series of conversational principles that should increase your chances of uncovering deceit:

Use open questions. This forces the liar to expand on their tale until they become entrapped in their own web of deceit.

Employ the element of surprise. Investigators should try to increase the liar’s “cognitive load” – such as by asking them unanticipated questions that might be slightly confusing, or asking them to report an event backwards in time – techniques that make it harder for them to maintain their façade.

Watch for small, verifiable details. If a passenger says they are at the University of Oxford, ask them to tell you about their journey to work. If you do find a contradiction, though, don’t give yourself away – it’s better to allow the liar’s confidence to build as they rattle off more falsehoods, rather than correcting them.

Liar vs liar

It takes one to know one

Ironically, liars turn out to be better lie detectors. Geoffrey Bird at University College London and colleagues recently set up a game in which subjects had to reveal true or false statements about themselves. They were also asked to judge each other’s credibility. It turned out that people who were better at telling fibs could also detect others’ tall tales, perhaps because they recognised the tricks.

Observe changes in confidence. Watch carefully to see how a potential liar’s style changes when they are challenged: a liar may be just as verbose when they feel in charge of a conversation, but their comfort zone is limited and they may clam up if they feel like they are losing control.

The aim is a casual conversation rather than an intense interrogation. Under this gentle pressure, however, the liar will give themselves away by contradicting their own story, or by becoming obviously evasive or erratic in their responses. “The important thing is that there is no magic silver bullet; we are taking the best things and putting them together for a cognitive approach,” says Ormerod.

(Credit: Thinkstock)

A psychological experiment in an airport revealed new tricks to spot liars (Credit: Thinkstock)

Ormerod openly admits his strategy might sound like common sense. “A friend said that you are trying to patent the art of conversation,” he says. But the results speak for themselves. The team prepared a handful of fake passengers, with realistic tickets and travel documents. They were given a week to prepare their story, and were then asked to line up with other, genuine passengers at airports across Europe. Officers trained in Ormerod and Dando’s interviewing technique were more than 20 times more likely to detect these fake passengers than people using the suspicious signs, finding them 70% of the time.

“It’s really impressive,” says Levine, who was not involved in this study. He thinks it is particularly important that they conducted the experiment in real airports. “It’s the most realistic study around.”

The art of persuasion

Levine’s own experiments have proven similarly powerful. Like Ormerod, he believes that clever interviews designed to reveal holes in a liar’s story are far better than trying to identify tell-tale signs in body language. He recently set up a trivia game, in which undergraduates played in pairs for a cash prize of $5 for each correct answer they gave. Unknown to the students, their partners were actors, and when the game master temporarily left the room, the actor would suggest that they quickly peek at the answers to cheat on the game. A handful of the students took him up on the offer.

One expert was even correct 100% of the time, across 33 interviews

Afterwards, the students were all questioned by real federal agents about whether or not they had cheated. Using tactical questions to probe their stories – without focusing on body language or other cues – they managed to find the cheaters with more than 90% accuracy; one expert was even correct 100% of the time, across 33 interviews – a staggering result that towers above the accuracy of body language analyses. Importantly, a follow-up study found that even novices managed to achieve nearly 80% accuracy, simply by using the right, open-ended questions that asked, for instance, how their partner would tell the story.

Are police any better at spotting lying suspects than anyone else? (Credit: Thinkstock)

Are police any better at spotting lying suspects than anyone else? (Credit: Thinkstock)

Indeed, often the investigators persuaded the cheaters to openly admit their misdeed. “The experts were fabulously good at this,” says Levine. Their secret was a simple trick known to masters in the art of persuasion: they would open the conversation by asking the students how honest they were. Simply getting them to say they told the truth primed them to be more candid later. “People want to think of being honest, and this ties them into being cooperative,” says Levine. “Even the people who weren’t honest had difficulty pretending to be cooperative [after this], so for the most part you could see who was faking it.”

Another trick is to ask people how honest they are

Clearly, such tricks may already be used by some expert detectives – but given the folklore surrounding body language, it’s worth emphasising just how powerful persuasion can be compared to the dubious science of body language. Despite their successes, Ormerod and Levine are both keen that others attempt to replicate and expand on their findings, to make sure that they stand up in different situations. “We should watch out for big sweeping claims,” says Levine.

Although the techniques will primarily help law enforcement, the same principles might just help you hunt out the liars in your own life. “I do it with kids all the time,” Ormerod says. The main thing to remember is to keep an open mind and not to jump to early conclusions: just because someone looks nervous, or struggles to remember a crucial detail, does not mean they are guilty. Instead, you should be looking for more general inconsistencies.

There is no fool-proof form of lie detection, but using a little tact, intelligence, and persuasion, you can hope that eventually, the truth will out.

Posted in Chinese, East/West/translations, 高價值優秀文章, Life/Musings, Politics/Societies/World stuff, PSA - public service announcements, Repost, Uncategorized/Unsorted | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

fuck honda-tech (aka hater-tech)…

Updated 4/12/2017 4:55 pm – fixed some grammar and spelling errors and added few more sentences.

Updated 4/11/2017 7:36 pm – added another paragraph above the image…

Written by Frank M. Lin 4/11/2017 7:06 am @ Lower Newport Beach Bay, California – Spending few days here with JJ – my student from SpeedVentures @ Buttonwillow back in Jan. 2017.  We’ve been hanging out, swapping stories, learning and sharing our experiences.  It turns out we have quite a lot of things in common.  Like minds attract I suppose.  That is how the law of attraction works.  3 of my new friends from 2017 are all smart AF.  One graduated from MIT (Wolf), one works as a geneticist, one is basically a genius.  I’m impressed.  By association that makes me also a smarty pants geek.  But being the blacksheep means I barely graduated high school.  College ain’t a thing.  I never cared for school because I wasn’t inspired to do well there.  In retrospect I wish I had applied myself because I could’ve easily been a retired multi-millionaire like few of my friends are.  But it is not something I think about – I’m more than happy with my life I have nothing to complain about.  I love it.


 

honda-tech is a Honda community forum that was once the most active community for Honda and Acura enthusiasts.  I was a member pretty early on back in 2001.  I’ve made my fair share of contributions on technical information there.  You would think I’d get some respect there.  But nope the place has allowed many people to become moderators who has ZERO proper moderation skills.  They remove posts and modify user information without consent.  The act like middle high school hall monitors.  Just pure juvenile stuff.  The GDD (General Discussion and Debate) is suppose to be a pretty loose place for members to hangout and D & D subjects…  but nooooo mother fuckers interfere all the times when they see shits they don’t personally agree with.  That folks is censorship.  FUCK THEM PUSSY ASS BITCH MODERATORS THERE.  You know who you are.  Fucking assholes…  without them flexing moderator privileges they wouldn’t be shit because 1. they are either dumb or ignorant 2. they don’t have knowledge or skills to debate subjects.  That’s why the just censor things.   Most of them are loser mother fuckers anyways that’s why they waste time doing non-sense moderation.  I just laugh at their pathetic pitiful actions.  Sure it annoys me a bit that’s why I wrote this blog to bitch and moan but in truth, I’ve lost nothing by being moderated.  If anything I should probably thank them so I waste fewer time posting at that useless place.  Time to stay more focused.  It’s not like anybody generate sales leads from forums now days anyway.  Marketing has completely changed.

pussy-mods-honda-tech

I was spending a little of my time in the GDD subforum since I started reading honda-tech again in the past few months.  But the fucking douchebag moderators makes the experience not worthwhile at all.  Basically several of them act like fucking nazi’s and delete and alter things to their will.  It is straight up censorship.  Fuck that shit.  The only reason these motherfuckers have is moderation privileges.  In real life they ain’t shit.  I call them pussy ass bitches for this reason.  Fuck GDD, fuck the mods.  They don’t want to hear anything about pizzagate and they delete anything they is different than their viewpoint.  This makes them extremely dangerous in my book.  They are the type of person that will eliminate the others voices/opinions which = nazi shit.  These are the same type of people who will kill you (when given the power)…

Well I don’t want to get into it too much.  But it’s the same shit for the last 15 years.  It’s not like honda-tech is a happening place anyway, only a small percentage of folks use it anymore.  I wanted to support it by using it but those dicks made me feel like it not worth my time at all.  So fuck it, they can have their little shit hole to themselves.  Fuck them.

Pretty much I’m in the mode to phase out all negative things in my life and to the people that don’t appreciate my  presence I’m perfectly happy to just leave and go.  You don’t want or need me and vice versa.

Posted in Automotive, Honda & Acura, Human Rights, Life/Musings, Politics/Societies/World stuff, PSA - public service announcements, Relevant News, Retrospective, The Dumb/Retarded Aspects of USA, The Truth, The Realist, Uncategorized/Unsorted, USA | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

repost: 新加坡華人公墓,一個年輕國家的歷史記憶

Written by Frank M. Lin 4/9/2017 7:11 am @ Arcadia, California – I love history.  This large graveyard is of significant historic importance.  We have just passed the 100 centennial memorial for WW1.  WW2 actually wasn’t all that long ago because many people alive lived it.  My dad was born on 1943 he was just a little baby at the tail end of the war…  but my oldest aunt and her husband are in the 90’s and 80s so they have lot of memory.  Her husband was part of the young intellectual elites that retreated from China to Taiwan with the KMT after they lost the Civil war…  there are many of them in Taiwan.  Of course a good amount the wealthy people moved on to the West many came to USA…


 

Source: http://cn.nytimes.com/asia-pacific/20170406/here-lies-a-graveyard-where-east-and-west-came-together/zh-hant/

新加坡華人公墓,一個年輕國家的歷史記憶

張彥 2017年4月6日

新加坡的武吉布朗墳場。 政府計劃最終剷平這個公墓,但一個團體正在努力保護它。

Sim Chi Yin for The New York Times

新加坡的武吉布朗墳場。政府計劃最終剷平這個公墓,但一個團體正在努力保護它。

新加坡——在這個充滿高速公路和高層建築的島國的中心,有一道時間的皺紋:武吉布朗墳場(Bukit Brown),它是世界上最大的華人公墓之一。

如今這裡已被廢棄,雜草叢生,但仍可以看到一系列不可思議的墓碑、雕像和神龕,就在市中心的銀行、購物中心和區域總部以北4英里。

  • 檢視大圖墓碑正被編目並存儲在倉庫中。 對保護主義者來說,這是一種勝利。

    Sim Chi Yin for The New York Times

    墓碑正被編目並存儲在倉庫中。對保護主義者來說,這是一種勝利。

  • 檢視大圖為墓地因開發而被破壞的死者舉行的儀式。

    Sim Chi Yin for The New York Times

    為墓地因開發而被破壞的死者舉行的儀式。

  • 檢視大圖一名道士在武吉布朗主持一場儀式。

    Sim Chi Yin for The New York Times

    一名道士在武吉布朗主持一場儀式。

多年來,這個佔地213英畝的地方是萬聖節尋找刺激者和鳥類觀察者的目的地,是這片過度擁擠的土地上的一個綠色港灣。但是近年來,它變成了某種強大得多的東西:試圖與這個國家消失的過去重新取得聯繫的新加坡人的朝聖地。

因此,在這個很少容忍社區行動主義的國家,武吉布朗成為了一項重要的社會運動的中心,計劃剷平公墓部分區域的政府,與致力於保護它的一群公民之間展開了對抗。

在這個不斷尋求現代化的社會中,這是意想不到的,在限制對該公墓的破壞,提高公眾對該島豐富歷史的認知方面,該運動的倡議者取得了一些成功。

武吉布朗建於1922年,是約10萬個新加坡家庭的長眠之地,直到1972年被關閉。這裡的重要性超過了該國相對短暫的五十年歷史,因為許多具有歷史意義的墓地被從其他推平的公墓搬到了那裡。

專家估計,加上旁邊一個被遺棄的著名華人家族的墓地,周圍的雨林裡散落著多達20萬個墳墓,包括多位新加坡知名國民的墓地。

「你一定要把這個公墓看作一座了不起的歷史檔案庫,」新加坡國立大學(National University of Singapore)中文系主任丁荷生(Kenneth Dean)說,「但是鑒於最近事情的發展情況,我對它能存在多久深感擔憂。」

這些擔憂與這個城市國家對土地永不滿足的渴望有關。新加坡的570萬居民生活在277平方英里的土地上——比紐約市還小一點——但它必須承擔多於城市的職能。它必須擁有一個國家的基礎設施,包括軍事基地、垃圾填埋場、水庫、國家公園,以及世界上最繁忙的機場和港口。

該國逾20%的土地是填海造地,導致它的兩個鄰國馬來西亞和印度尼西亞禁止向新加坡出口沙子,以保護自己的土地。新加坡計劃到2030年將該國的人口增至690萬,所以土地極其珍貴。

這個問題部分上要從內部解決。2011年,政府決定去掉該島南北向高速公路上的一個彎道,也就是從武吉布朗穿過。不久之後,政府宣布,該公墓的其餘部分也將在40年內剷平。

在過去幾十年裡,新加坡人看到很多著名古蹟和社區被拆除,所以他們開始採取行動。他們把這個轉折點與1963年拆除賓夕法尼亞火車站(Pennsylvania Station)相比較,那座車站是紐約市的一件布雜藝術傑作,它的拆除推動了美國對歷史遺蹟的保護。

他們的核心是一個由20多名志願者組成的非正式團體,這些志願者稱自己為「布朗人」。他們提供免費導遊,建了一個網站,詳細介紹公墓的歷史,包括當地人和遊客的讚揚。

第一批布朗人中包括54歲的雷蒙德·吳(Raymond Goh,音),他是一名藥劑師,過去經常在公墓附近帶領萬聖節旅遊團參觀(和有華人文化的許多地方一樣,新加坡也痴迷鬼故事和恐怖傳說)。過了一段時間,吳開始仔細閱讀墓碑上的銘文,驚訝於那些墳墓的古老。

「我注意到很多墳墓看起來很老,實際上有些是萊佛士時代的,」吳說。他指的是新加坡的英國殖民地創立者史丹佛德·萊佛士爵士( Sir Stamford Raffles )。「我想知道為什麼沒人告訴我這裡有這個呢?」

2011年,政府公佈自己的計劃後,吳和兄弟查爾斯(Charles)一直在思考如何拯救武吉布朗。他們開始培訓其他志願者,包括熟悉學術研究領域的大學教授,幫助處理公共關係的前記者,以及提供社區探訪和資助的商界人士。換句話說,它是新加坡中產階級的一個橫斷面,他們懷念自己年輕時那個逝去的城市,渴望更好地理解自己的文化根源。

在過去數月裡,布朗人多次引導我遊覽這個地方,我覺得它的確令人驚嘆。鬱鬱蔥蔥的植被讓我們感覺遠離繁華的現代城市,而墓碑本身就很美麗,甚至無需解釋。

有些像小堡壘,由中式或英式石獅甚至錫克族士兵守衛。還有些裝飾著道家和儒家的圖像和符號。另外一些則講述死者對一個政黨或一個隕落王朝的忠誠。

多虧新加坡國立大學教授莊穎(音)、工程師洪毅瀚(Ang Yik Han)、律師池凌志(Fabian Tee)以及前記者廖雪珠(Claire Leow)等導遊的介紹,我開始理解為什麼這個城市國家對大英帝國的亞洲屬地如此重要。

我們研究了王三龍(Ong Sam Leong)的巨大陵墓,他是聖誕島的勞工供應商,於1917年去世,墓地被搬到了這裡。我還看到了陳金鐘(Tan Kim Cheng)的墓地,他是安娜(Anna)和暹羅國王姻緣的牽線人。還有那些支持孫中山的革命家的墓地——在孫中山的策劃下,中國的最後一個王朝最終被推翻。

許多墳墓用遷往這些地區的中國移民長期使用的獨特磚石進行裝飾,而其他一些則顯示出馬來文化的強烈影響。

「這裡是東西方的交匯地,」洪毅瀚說,「我們站在島的中央,龍的腹部,我們不能讓人剖開它。」

我忍不住想到了世界上的其他很多偉大的長眠之地。從樹木和野生動物的角度講,武吉布朗讓我想起了倫敦的海格特公墓( Highgate Cemetery );作為逃避俗世喧囂的一個去處,它感覺像布魯克林的綠樹林公墓( Green-Wood );作為國家名人的記錄,它讓人想起了巴黎的拉雪茲神父公墓( Père Lachaise )或布宜諾斯艾利斯的雷科萊塔公墓( Cementerio de la Recoleta )。

對丁荷生教授來說,這些墓碑展示了東南亞與中國特定地區之間的豐富聯繫。在他的指導下,一個研究小組正將墓碑上的信息錄入數據庫,從而繪製出地圖,展現宗族和村莊如何從中國沿海遷移到這些遙遠的海岸。

前不久,丁荷生的一個項目獲得了政府資助。雖然官員們拒絕了許多關於該公墓的電話和傳真採訪請求,但他們似乎開始理解它的重要性。

政府已經開始滿足布朗人的一些要求。最初,有5000個墳墓將被移除,但這個數字已經減少至3700個。那些墓碑沒有被粉碎,而是正被編目並存儲在倉庫中。此外,政府還成立了遺產評估委員會,審查未來的項目。

這種妥協意願似乎反映出這個社會更廣泛的情緒,它發展得太快,人們感覺失去了根基,與國家缺乏深刻的聯繫。有一次,我在公墓散步時,遇到了國防部的一名官員。由於他立場的敏感性,他要求隻公布他的名字彼特(Pete)。

「我們的國家很年輕,我們太關注未來,有時忘了過去,」他說,「武吉布朗是個巨大的故事寶庫。」

張彥(Ian Johnson)是《紐約時報》記者。

翻譯:王相宜


 

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/04/world/asia/here-lies-a-graveyard-where-east-and-west-came-together.html

Here Lies a Graveyard Where ‘East and West Came Together’

SINGAPORE — In the middle of this island nation of highways and high-rises lies a wrinkle in time: Bukit Brown, one of the world’s largest Chinese cemeteries.

Now neglected and overgrown, it offers an incredible array of tombstones, statues and shrines just four miles north of downtown banks, malls and regional headquarters.

For years, the 213-acre site was a destination for Halloween thrill seekers and bird watchers, a haven of green in an overcrowded land. But in recent years it has become something much more powerful: a pilgrimage site for Singaporeans trying to reconnect with their country’s vanishing past.

That has put Bukit Brown at the center of an important social movement in a country that has rarely tolerated community activism: a battle between the state, which plans to level part of the cemetery, and a group of citizens dedicated to its preservation.

Continue reading the main story

Surprisingly, in a culture of relentless modernization, its advocates are scoring some successes in limiting damage to the cemetery and raising consciousness about the island’s colorful history.

Built in 1922, Bukit Brown was the final resting place for about 100,000 Singapore families until it was closed in 1972. Its importance is greater than its relatively recent 50-year history implies because many historic graves were relocated there from other cemeteries that were paved over.

Add in an abandoned cemetery next door for a prominent Chinese clan, and experts estimate that up to 200,000 graves are sprinkled amid the surrounding rain forests, including those of many of Singapore’s most famous citizens.

Photo

In a victory for preservationists, tombstones are being cataloged and stored in a warehouse.CreditSim Chi Yin for The New York Times

“You have to think of the cemetery as an amazing historical archive,” said Kenneth Dean, head of the Chinese studies department at the National University of Singapore. “But given how things have developed recently, I have deep concerns about how long it will survive.”

Those worries have to do with this city-state’s insatiable appetite for land. Singapore’s 5.7 million residents live on 277 square miles, a bit less than the area of New York City, but the land has to accommodate more than a municipality’s needs. It must hold the infrastructure of a country, including military bases, landfills, reservoirs, national parks and one of the world’s busiest airports and harbors.

More than 20 percent of the country is built on reclaimed land, leading its two immediate neighbors, Malaysia and Indonesia, to ban the export of sand to Singapore in order to protect their own land. And with plans calling for Singapore’s population to increase to 6.9 million by 2030, land is at a premium.

Part of the solution has been to look inward. In 2011, the government decided to smooth out a bend in the island’s north-south highway by cutting through Bukit Brown. Soon after, the government announced that within 40 years the rest would be paved over, too.

After watching many of their best-known monuments and neighborhoods leveled over the past decades, Singaporeans began to take action — a turning point that people here compare to the 1963 destruction of Pennsylvania Station, a Beaux-Arts masterpiece in New York City whose loss catalyzed historic preservation in the United States.

At their center is an informal group of two dozen volunteers who call themselves “Brownies.” They offer free tours and run a website that details the cemetery’s history and includes testimonials by locals and visitors.

One of the first Brownies was Raymond Goh, 54, a pharmacist who used to lead Halloween tours around the cemetery. (As in many parts of the Chinese cultural world, Singapore is obsessed with ghost stories and ghoulish legends.) After a while, Mr. Goh began to read the inscriptions on the tombstones carefully and was surprised at the antiquity of the graves.

Photo

A Taoist priest leading a ceremony in Bukit Brown. CreditSim Chi Yin for The New York Times

“I noticed a lot of graves looked very old and, in fact, that some were from the time of Raffles,” Mr. Goh said, referring to Singapore’s British colonial founder, Sir Stamford Raffles. “I wondered, ‘How come nobody told me this was here?’ ”

When the government’s plans were announced in 2011, Mr. Goh and his brother Charles wondered how to save Bukit Brown. They began training other volunteers, including professors familiar with the world of academic research, former journalists who help with public relations and business people who provide community outreach and funding. In other words, it was a cross section of middle-class Singaporeans who felt nostalgic about the lost city of their youth and were eager to better understand their cultural roots.

Brownies have guided me through the site several times over the past few months, and I thought it was indeed a marvel. The lush vegetation made us feel cut off from the thriving modern city, while the tombstones were beautiful in their own right, even without explanations.

Some are like mini-fortresses, guarded by stone Chinese or British lions, or even Sikh soldiers. Others were decorated with Taoist and Confucian images and symbols. Some told of the dead person’s loyalty to a political party or a lost dynasty.

Thanks to explanations by guides like Ian Chong, a professor at the National University of Singapore; Ang Yik Han, an engineer; Fabian Tee, a lawyer; and Claire Leow, a former journalist, I began to understand how this city-state was crucial to the British Empire’s Asian holdings.

We surveyed the enormous mausoleum of Ong Sam Leong, a supplier of labor to the Christmas Islands, who died in 1917 and whose grave was relocated here. I also saw the grave of Tan Kim Cheng, who introduced Anna to the King of Siam, and those of revolutionaries who supported Sun Yat-sen when he was plotting the ultimately successful downfall of China’s last dynasty.

Many of the tombs were decorated with the distinctive tiles used by longtime Chinese immigrants to these regions, while others showed the strong influence of Malayan culture.

Photo

A ceremony for those whose graves have been disrupted by development.CreditSim Chi Yin for The New York Times

“This is where East and West came together,” Mr. Ang said. “We are standing at the center of the island, the belly of the dragon, and we can’t let it be cut open.”

I couldn’t help but think of many of the world’s other great resting places. In terms of trees and wildlife, Bukit Brown evoked Highgate Cemetery in London; as a retreat from daily life it felt like Green-Wood in Brooklyn; and as a record of one country’s famous people it was reminiscent of Père Lachaise in Paris or Cementerio de la Recoleta in Buenos Aires.

For Professor Dean, these tombstones show the rich links between Southeast Asia and specific regions of China. Under his direction, a team of researchers is entering data from the gravestones into databases, allowing the development of maps showing how clans and villages migrated from coastal China to these faraway shores.

Recently, one of Professor Dean’s projects received government financing. Although officials refused numerous telephone and fax requests for interviews about the cemetery, they seem to be coming around to understanding its importance.

Already, the government has yielded to some of the Brownies’ demands. Originally, 5,000 graves were to be moved, but that number has been reduced to 3,700. And instead of pulverizing the tombstones, they are being cataloged and stored in a warehouse. In addition, the government has set up a heritage-assessment board to review future projects.

This willingness to compromise seems to reflect a broader sentiment in a society that has moved so quickly that people feel rootless and without deep ties to their country.

During one walk through the cemetery, I met a Ministry of Defense official who asked that only his first name, Pete, be used because of the sensitivity of his position.

“Our nation is a young one, and we’ve been so focused on the future that we sometimes forget the past,” he said. “Bukit Brown is a huge trove of stories.”

Posted in Chinese, Chinese stories/history, Cool story, Bro!, East/West/translations, 高價值優秀文章, Human Rights, Life/Musings, Politics/Societies/World stuff, PSA - public service announcements, Relevant News, Repost, Retrospective, Uncategorized/Unsorted | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

repost: Syria (How do you rebuild a broken heart)「你要怎麼重建一顆心?」敘利亞醫生的一席話,每個字都重重的敲在我心上

Written by Frank M. Lin 4/6/2017 6:12 am @ Arcadia, California – This is a reader submitted write up on a doctor (well a dentist) who was from a wealthy family living Aleppo.  Aleppo was a vibrant city just few years ago.  He had a good practice, nice house and soon it was all destroyed.  He could have left his home country but chose to stay and help the people.  The story is moving and has so much sorrow and helplessness.  I posted about the last syrin (suspected to be) gas attack in Syria on my facebook and got a minor discussion going…  I feel Trump should be doing more and lead the way.  It is the duty of us USA as we represent the free world.  We really can’t just sit around and do nothing.  There is a good article on NPR – NPR – After Syria Gas Attack, World Waits To See What Kind of Leader Trump Will Be


 

Source: https://buzzorange.com/2016/11/10/syria-doctor

【投稿】「你要怎麼重建一顆心?」敘利亞醫生的一席話,每個字都重重的敲在我心上

2016/11/10

【我們為什麼挑選這篇文章】作者楊佳恬旅居歐洲,在因緣際會下認識一位敘利亞醫生穆哈默德,他告訴作者成為難民的過程、以及敘利亞當地電影般不真實的面貌。也提到,戰爭結束後,才是真正難題的開始,因為家園可以重建,但心不能。(責任編輯:黃筱雯)

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敘利亞 對許多人來說 是國際新聞中的一個段落 是抽象遙遠的 我們看著讀著, 多少又多少難民逃亡到歐洲 。這些人似乎就只是統計數字中的一部分。然而,敘利亞難民又怎麼看待這場戰爭呢?  我與來自敘利亞的口譯員 穆哈默德見面,想要聽聽他的想法。在跟穆哈默德聊了將近三個小時後,我猶豫了。 我該怎麼描述一個在對話過程中聲音破碎好幾次的男人? 我深呼吸,慢慢地繼續敲打鍵盤 :

穆哈默德的年紀約三十出頭。五官柔和英俊,鬍子刮的乾乾淨淨,清瘦的身子架著燙勻的天藍色襯衫和微微褪色的牛仔褲,黑褐色的頭髮削的既短又整齊。臉上微微的笑容又帶著大學畢業生的靦腆,張開雙手就是擁抱遼闊的未來。 他是一個敘利亞富裕家庭的長男, 職業曾經是人人稱羨的 牙醫。是的,他曾經召開雙手擁抱的遼闊未來,如今已經成了過去。

他現在的身分是難民。而一部份家人還住在敘利亞的首都 Damascus ,提到他們的時候,原本克制的聲音變得溫暖了起來,我們一共是七個兄弟姊妹,而老七是我們唯一的女孩他驕傲地說,我妹妹今年可是甜美的 13 歲。五個弟弟裡面,有兩個在好幾年前就已經出國到奧地利留學,是醫科學生。穆哈默德逃出來,花了好幾個月的時間跨越歐陸,投靠在奧地利念書的兄弟。

如果這是一部電影的話,導演在這時會切入回憶片段,場景或許會用暗沉的顏色,背景音樂可能會是哀荒涼糾心的小提琴獨奏。但這不是電影,而是真實的人生。

這是穆哈默德的人生。

鏡頭貼近一位少年得志的牙醫。他身後是一棟新潮的別墅,旁邊另了兩輛進口車,還有一間嶄新的診所。場景切換。戰機。炸彈。被摧毀的別墅。進口車 被機關槍掃射的坑坑洞洞 。診所被炸毀。尖叫逃亡的人們。而在一切慌亂中,這個醫生站在路中間,選擇留下來。

為什麼你當初不走? 我看完穆哈默德的手機上這些像是電影場景的照片 ,抬頭望入他悲傷的眼睛 我是醫生,醫生的職責就是幫助人們。他淡淡的說,理所當然的。一年過去了,兩年過去了,三年過去了政府軍、反叛軍又分裂成不同派系,戰爭中沒有永遠的朋友、也沒有永遠的敵人,有時候 A 聯合 B C C又聯合 B A ABC可能又聯合打 D,最後誰也搞不清到底為了什麼而戰。

這個叫做 Daraa 的敘利亞小城人口少了將近 4 分之三,只剩下一萬人左右而這一萬人中,共有三名醫生、五個護士、還有一間藥局。為了取得藥物還有物資,他們學會了跟圍城的士兵打交道。他們每天給我們三十分鐘的時間可以進出,這就是名副其實的打通道路。他就事論事的道, 輕描淡寫的帶過他以及其他人如何用家裡值錢的東西收買士兵去換藥。他跟眾多軍官打過交道,也因此得知了許多不該知道的機密。

場景切換。逮捕。場景切換。一連串的拷問。我不知道我在那裡待了多久,他緊抿著嘴唇道,二十五天?  三十天? 覺得時間停止了,我的理智也離我而去了。奄奄一息被放出來後,他的家人到處籌錢,讓 穆哈默德 逃離家鄉,來到歐洲。我看著他眼角下的陰影、手臂上刑求留下的醜陋傷疤,靜默了。

要如何重建一個人的心?

你相信戰爭會結束嗎?相信,也不相信他露出沉思的表情 結束才是真正的開始。我們才可以開始重建家園,而這個工作至少需要二十年的時間 。」但是這並不是最大的挑戰。他覺得最大的挑戰在這裡面, 他指著自己的心臟部位 。

很多孩子已經停學好幾年了。而有更多的孩子們根本就從來沒有踏入過學校,因為我們已經沒有學校了。 他的聲音支離破碎, 我耐心的等他平息呼吸,他沙啞的繼續說著這個被世界拋棄的下一個世代。在街上流浪的孩子以及孤兒,唯一的模範就是武力,也單純的相信,爭執解決之道就是拿槍對著對方的頭射進去。他也親眼看過八歲的孩子跟大他兩歲的哥哥因芝麻小事爭吵,隨手抄起街上找到的槍射死了哥哥。

你可以重建道路,重建橋梁,重建房子。但是 你要怎麼重建一顆心? 你要怎麼重建一個人?他壓抑情感的耳語著,小聲地幾乎聽不到,但每一個字又重又深地敲在我心上,轟轟作響。

對談結束後,我的心情除了沉重以外,是更強烈的感激。感激有機會認識他,感激他用毫不做作的方式解釋著抽象的新聞事件。再看到敘利亞的新聞,再也不覺得那是跟我們毫不相干的,報導內容也有了聲音: 穆哈默德的聲音。

難民不再是統計數字,他們跟你我一樣都是人。不同的是,他們被迫離開家鄉。不知道為什麼, 我腦海中也響起了我沒有血緣關係、已過世的繼外公的聲音,他在中國內戰後,年紀輕輕就與當時的國民政府逃來了台灣。因為聽不懂他一口鄉音的台語,從小我跟他的關係就是生疏而遙遠。而現在,很想很想問在天的他:

阿公,你的心, 後來有重建起來嗎?

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